Man-made Catastrophes and Risk Information Concealment

Man-made Catastrophes and Risk Information Concealment

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This book discusses the risks of information concealment in the context of major natural or industrial disasters a€“ offering detailed descriptions and analyses of some 25 historical cases (Three Mile Island nuclear accident, Bhopal disaster, Challenger Space Shuttle explosion, Chernobyl nuclear disaster, Deepwater Horizon oil spill, Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear disaster, Enrona€™s bankruptcy, Subprime mortgage crisis, Worldwide Spanish flu and SARS outbreaks, etc.) and applying these insights to selected on-going cases where such information concealment is suspected. Some successful examples of preventive anti-concealment practice are also presented. In the book, the term a€˜concealmenta€™ is used to represent the two distinct behaviors uncovered in the investigations: (i) facts and information about an organization and its functioning being hidden from those that need them a€“ here the concealment can be due to various factors, such as complexity and miscommunication, to name but two a€“ and (ii) the conscious and deliberate action of keeping important information secret or misrepresenting it. This second meaning makes up a surprisingly important part of the evidence presented. Accordingly, emphasis has been put on this second aspect and the approach is more pragmatic than academic, remaining focused on evidence-based practical and useful factors. It raises awareness and provides valuable lessons for decision- makers, risk specialists and responsible citizens alike. This work is also intended as a fact-based reference work for future academic and scholarly investigations on the roots of the problem, in particular regarding any psychological or sociological modeling of human fallibility.2.4.2. Complexity, . Cost. Reductions, . Arrogance. and. The. Toyota. Problems. ( USAa€“Japan, . 2000s) ... middle-managers in 965Boeing 787 Dreamliner battery problems, ner_battery_problems.

Title:Man-made Catastrophes and Risk Information Concealment
Author: Dmitry Chernov, Didier Sornette
Publisher:Springer - 2015-11-28

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